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Reducing risk : participatory learning activities for disaster mitigation in Southern Africa

Author: Astrid Von Kotze; Ailsa Holloway
Publisher: Natal : International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies : Dept. of Adult and Community Education, University of Natal ; Atlantic Highlands, N.J., USA : Humanities Press International [distributor], ©1996.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Overview: This fully-photocopiable training resource equips development and relief workers with techniques to strengthen the capacities of vulnerable communities to deal with emergencies such as those caused by drought, epidemics, floods, and population movements. The collection of participatory learning activities is based on the experience of practitioners working in southern Africa, a region which has recently  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Von Kotze, Astrid.
Reducing risk.
Natal : International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies : Dept. of Adult and Community Education, University of Natal ; Atlantic Highlands, N.J., USA : Humanities Press International [distributor], ©1996
(OCoLC)891813697
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Astrid Von Kotze; Ailsa Holloway
ISBN: 0855983477 9780855983475
OCLC Number: 37315471
Notes: University of KwaZulu-Natal Library notes:
Distributed by Oxfam Publishing.
Also published by University of Natal, Department of Adult and Community Education.
2 8 10 16 17
Description: xxiv, 301 pages : illustrations ; 30 cm
Contents: Foreword --
Acknowledgements --
Introduction: --
Who this book is for --
How this book came about --
How to use this book --
Notes for facilitators: --
Preparing for a workshop --
Helping participants to learn --
Section 1: Key Concepts And Risk Factors: --
What terms do we use in disaster management?: discussion that builds on existing understanding of disaster management terminology --
What are the components of disaster management?: process of creating a 'spider-diagram' of the concepts and elements of disaster management --
What do we mean by hazards, risks, vulnerabilities and capacities?: exercise in which disaster related terms are illustrated with practical examples --
How can we check our understanding of terms?: exercise where key concepts are matched with definitions --
How does the 'disaster crunch model' work?: discussion in which the causes and effects of disasters are explored --
Which disaster model works for me?: comparison of different models of the hazard-vulnerability-disaster continuum --
What do we do in emergency preparedness and risk reduction?: activity in which actions are matched with the concepts of disaster management / reduction --
What is gender?: series of activities that lead to an understanding of 'gender' and its relation to risk --
How do structural adjustment policies affect risk?: series of activities involving story-telling, input, discussion and a play that serve as an introduction to structural adjustment policies --
What are the causes of droughts and how do they impact on the environment?: reading and discussion activity --
Section 2: Risk Assessment: Community-Based Considerations: --
How do we construct hazard, risk and capacity maps?: drawing activity in which participants present hazards, risks and capacities at both area and community levels, in the form of maps --
How is community-based research relevant to risk assessment?: introduction to conducting participatory rural appraisal (PRA) workshops, with specific reference to risk reduction --
How do we construct vulnerability and capacity assessments?: worksheet-based activity in which participants create a profile or community vulnerability and capacity --
What resources are available for reducing risk?: exercise identifying available resources and capacities --
How does gender impact on vulnerability and capacity?: analysis and discussion based on a case scenario of a drought-stricken area --
6: How do we assess household food security?: role play in which participants practice conducting household assessments, using questionnaires --
How do we target households most at risk?: role play in which participants focus on alternative methods of selecting households for a targeted drought rehabilitation programme --
Why do we need to understand perceptions of risk?: simulation in which different perceptions of risk are compared and explored --
Section 3: Risk Reduction And Emergency Preparedness And Planning: --
Do you have what it takes, in risk reduction?: energizing game in which participants juggle shoes --
How do we plan for emergency preparedness and response?: series of planning activities based on a flood simulation --
Why should emergency preparedness and response be integrated with development?: role play in which different relief and development agents negotiate integrating their activities --
How do we integrate risk reduction with emergency response actions?: discussion on the integration of short-term activities with long-term programmes --
How is gender analysis a tool for risk reduction planning?: reading-based discussion focusing on gender --
Why are gender considerations essential to emergency preparedness and response planning?: simulation assessing the impact of floods on different households --
How do we incorporate gender into risk reduction planning?: case study analysis based on questions and discussion --
How do we identify risk reduction measures?: discussion based on worksheets identifying hazards-specific reduction measures --
How can we learn from past experience when planning risk reduction projects?: discussion and case study exercise in which data from flood impact is used in order to test proposed risk reduction projects --
What is the role of different players in drought interventions?: role play in which participants examine the practical work of different specialists in drought management --
How do we prepare public awareness campaigns?: creative process in which participants design and test their plans for HIV public awareness campaigns --
What is the role of development workers in risk reduction?: groups discussions focusing on statements which describe the roles of development workers --
References.
Responsibility: Astrid von Kotze and Ailsa Holloway.
Local System Bib Number:
(Sirsi) i9780855983475
(Sirsi) 211764

Abstract:

Overview: This fully-photocopiable training resource equips development and relief workers with techniques to strengthen the capacities of vulnerable communities to deal with emergencies such as those caused by drought, epidemics, floods, and population movements. The collection of participatory learning activities is based on the experience of practitioners working in southern Africa, a region which has recently faced many hardships. The activities aim to increase understanding about community risk and vulnerability, and to strengthen the training capacities of those involved in community-based disaster management. Each activity has been developed and extensively tested with organisations working in this field. Exercises are clearly laid out and are illustrated with maps, line drawings, and half tones. The approaches and activities are applicable, with adaptation for local differences, across the world. Reducing Risk is primarily a tool for practitioners working with highly vulnerable communities. It is also useful for facilitating learning activities in disaster reduction, both as a reference and as a "how to" manual. Published in South Africa by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and the Department of Adult and Community Education at the University of Natal.
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