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Social work and social welfare : an introduction

Author: Rosalie Ambrosino
Publisher: Australia ; Belmont, CA : Brooks/Colex Cengage Learning, ©2012.
Series: Brooks/Cole empowerment series
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 7th edView all editions and formats
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Rosalie Ambrosino
ISBN: 9781111304768 1111304769 9781111185923 1111185921
OCLC Number: 774018175
Notes: University of KwaZulu-Natal Library notes:
2
Description: xviii, 494 pages : illustrations ; 27 cm.
Contents: Machine generated contents note: pt. 1 Understanding Social Work and Social Welfare --
ch. 1 Social Welfare, Past and Present --
A Definition of Social Welfare and Its Relationship to Social Work --
The Value Base of Social Welfare --
Historical Influences That Shape Social Welfare Today --
Our English Heritage --
Social Welfare in Colonial America --
Changing Patterns after the Revolution --
Caring for the Urban Poor --
Caring for Specific Populations --
The New Deal --
The Social Security Act --
Social Insurance --
Public Assistance --
Health and Welfare Services --
Social Welfare: The Post-Social Security and Welfare Reform Eras --
The Great Society Programs --
Conservatism in the Mid-1960s and Early 1970s --
Welfare Reform in the Late 1970s --
Cutbacks in the Reagan and Bush Years --
The Clinton Years --
The George W. Bush Years --
The Obama Years --
Summary --
Competency Notes --
Key Terms --
Discussion Questions --
On the Internet --
References --
Suggested Readings Note continued: ch. 2 Social Work and Other Helping Professions --
Why Do People Have Problems? --
Genetics and Heredity --
Socialization --
Cultural Differences --
Environmental Factors --
The Opportunity Structure --
Social Work Defined --
Box 2-1 Roles Played by Generalist Social Workers --
The Early Years of Social Work --
Underpinnings of the Profession --
Values --
Box 2-2 NASW Code of Ethics --
Ethics --
Liberal Arts Base --
Box 2-3 Purpose of the Social Work Profession --
Knowledge That Builds on the Liberal Arts Base --
Practice Skills --
Planned Change --
Social Work Methods --
Social Work with Individuals and Families (Casework) --
Social Work with Groups (Group Work) --
Community Organization --
Social Work Research --
Social Work Administration and Planning --
Professional Issues in Social Work --
The Social Agency --
Education and Levels of Social Work Practice --
Bachelor of Social Work (BSW) --
Box 2-4 The Power of Service Note continued: Master of Social Work (MSW): Advanced Practice --
Doctorate in Social Work (DSW and PhD) --
Careers in Social Work --
Box 2-5 The Social Work Curriculum and Professional Practice --
Collaboration with Other Helping Professions --
Other Professionals Likely to Collaborate with Social Workers --
The Need for Professional Diversity --
Box 2-6 The Power of Relationships --
The Baccalaureate Social Worker and Other Professions --
The Importance of Self-Care for Social Workers and Other Helping Professionals --
Summary --
Competency Notes --
Key Terms --
Discussion Questions --
On the Internet --
References --
Suggested Readings --
ch. 3 The Ecological/Systems Perspective --
Using Theoretical Frameworks to Guide Intervention --
The Difference between Causal Relationships and Association --
A Conceptual Framework for Understanding Social Welfare Problems --
The Ecological/Systems Framework --
Systems Theory: Perspectives and Major Concepts --
System Note continued: Synergy --
Boundaries --
Open and Closed Systems --
Interactions and Interrelations --
Steady State --
Equifinality --
Incorporating an Ecological Perspective --
Levels of the Environment --
Problems in Living --
Utility of the Ecological/Systems Framework --
Box 3-1 Value of the Ecological/Systems Framework for Social Work Practice --
The Utility of Other Theories and Frameworks --
Psychosocial Frameworks --
Cognitive Behavioral Frameworks --
Political and Ideological Frameworks --
The Ecological/Systems Framework in Professional Practice --
Applying the Ecological/Systems Framework --
The Generalist Model --
The Strengths Perspective --
Empowerment --
Box 3-2 Resiliency Factors That Reduce Juvenile Delinquency and Other Problems Associated with Youth --
Social and Economic Justice --
The Helping Process --
Applications with Juan and His Family --
Summary --
Competency Notes --
Key Terms --
Discussion Questions --
On the Internet --
References Note continued: Suggested Readings --
ch. 4 Diversity and Social Justice --
Social and Economic Justice --
Prejudice and Discrimination --
Social and Economic Justice for Women --
Income --
Box 4-1 Facts about Working Women and Gender Equity --
Education --
Social Work --
Religion --
Politics --
Institutional Sexism --
Issues Relating to Reproductive Rights --
Legal Issues --
Medical Issues --
Box 4-2 Social Work Speaks --
Values Issues --
Social Reform: The Feminist Movement --
Social and Economic Justice: Sexual Orientation --
Social and Economic Justice: Class --
Social and Economic Justice: Race and Ethnicity --
African Americans --
Latino Populations --
Asians and Pacific Islanders --
Native Americans --
Efforts to Produce Social Justice for Populations at Risk --
School Desegregation --
Civil Rights Legislation --
Uneven Progress --
Affirmative Action --
Law Enforcement and Profiling --
Social Work and the Civil Rights Movement Note continued: Box 4-3 Reported Incidents of Racial Profiling in the United States --
Summary --
Competency Notes --
Key Terms --
Discussion Questions --
On the Internet --
References --
Suggested Readings --
pt. 2 Social Work Practice: Methods of Intervention --
ch. 5 Social Work Practice with Individuals, Families, and Groups --
Generalist Practice: Background --
Generalist Practice: A Definition --
Preparation for Generalist Practice with Individuals, Families, and Groups --
Social Study --
Assessment --
Goal Setting --
Contracting --
Intervention --
Evaluation --
The Social Worker-Client Relationship --
The Development of Practice Skills --
Conceptual Skills --
Interviewing Skills --
Recording --
Practice Theories and Skills: Individuals and Families --
Ecological/Systems Framework --
Ego Psychology --
Problem-Solving Approach --
Cognitive-Behavioral Approaches --
Box 5-1 Behavior Modification --
Task-Centered Social Work --
Social Work Intervention with Families Note continued: Other Approaches --
Practice Theories and Skills: Groups --
Box 5-2 The Impact of Group Work --
Group Focus --
Effective Group Development --
Box 5-3 Different Types of Groups, Their Focus, and Membership --
Theory for Group Work Practice --
Group Work as a Practice --
Group Settings --
Group Termination --
Practice Effectiveness with Individuals, Families, and Groups --
Supervision of Generalist Practitioners --
Social Work Practice and the MSW Social Worker --
The BSW Social Worker in Practice with Individuals, Families, and Groups --
Summary --
Competency Notes --
Key Terms --
Discussion Questions --
On the Internet --
References --
Suggested Readings --
ch. 6 Social Work Practice with Agencies and the Community --
Social Work with Communities --
Community: Definition and Social Work Roles --
Box 6-1 Making a Difference at the Community Level --
Roles of Social Workers in Communities --
Community Practice Models and Approaches Note continued: Profile of an Effective Community Organizer --
Policy Practice --
The Development of Social Welfare Policy --
Models of Policy Analysis --
The Practitioner's Role in Social Welfare Policy --
Administration and Delivery of Social Welfare Services --
Meeting the Challenge --
Weighing the Client's Best Interests --
Social Welfare Agencies --
A Historical Perspective --
Contemporary Structures --
Research Practice --
Disciplinary Research --
Policy Research --
Evaluative Research --
Demonstrating a Causal Connection --
The Status of Social Work in Communities, Policy, Administration, and Research --
Career Opportunities in Agency Administration, Community Social Work, Policy, and Research --
Summary --
Competency Notes --
Key Terms --
Discussion Questions --
On the Internet --
References --
Suggested Readings --
pt. 3 Fields of Practice and Populations Served by Social Workers --
ch. 7 Poverty, Income Assistance, and Homelessness Note continued: Views on Poverty and How to Help --
Conceptualizations of Poverty --
Definitions of Poverty --
Who Are America's Poor? --
Box 7-1 Working Out of Welfare --
Welfare Reform-An End to Welfare as We Knew It --
Relevant Legislation --
Revisions to the Law --
Current Strategies for Addressing Poverty --
A Strong Market and Family System --
Social Insurance Programs --
Public Assistance Programs --
In-Kind Benefits and Tax Credits --
Other Antipoverty Programs --
Basic Political Perspectives --
2010 and Beyond --
Homelessness --
Composition of the Homeless Population --
Box 7-2 "Street Crazy --
America's Mental Health Tragedy" --
Policies and Programs That Address Homelessness --
The Roles of Social Workers in the Fight against Poverty --
Summary --
Competency Notes --
Key Terms --
Discussion Questions --
On the Internet --
References --
Suggested Readings --
ch. 8 Mental Health, Substance Abuse, and Developmental Disabilities --
Mental Health Note continued: Mental Health and Mental Illness: Definitions --
Categorizing Mental Illness --
Mental Health: A Matter of Viewpoint --
The Development of Mental Health Problems --
Box 8-1 Does Labeling Shape Our Expectations of How People Will Function? --
Types of Mental Health Problems --
Depression --
Bipolar Disorder --
Schizophrenia --
Anxiety Disorders --
Suicide --
Impacts of Mental Health Status on At-Risk Populations --
Alcoholism and Substance Abuse --
Commonly Abused Substances --
Social and Economic Costs of Substance Abuse --
At-Risk Populations and Substance Abuse --
Developmental Disabilities --
Box 8-2 A Young Adult's Story --
Factors Associated with Developmental Disabilities --
Changing Views toward Mental Health Problems, Substance Abuse and Developmental Disabilities --
The First Revolution From Inhumane to Moral Treatment --
The Second Revolution The Introduction of Psychoanalysis Note continued: The Third Revolution A Shift to Community Mental Health Programs --
The Fourth Revolution Legal Rights of Clients and Consumer Advocacy --
Box 8-3 Mental Health Bill of Rights Project: Principles for the Provision of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Treatment Services --
Neurobiology and Implications for Mental Health, Substance Abuse, and Developmental Disabilities --
Availability of Resources and Responsibility for Care --
Deinstitutionalization --
Wide-Ranging Program Alternatives --
Interventions for Substance Abusers and Their Families --
Interventions for Persons with Developmental Disabilities and Their Families --
The Americans with Disabilities Act --
Box 8-4 Looking Back on 20 Years of Disability Rights --
Other Disabilities Legislation --
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act --
Prevention versus Treatment --
Trends in Services and Treatment --
Managed Care --
Insurance Legislation --
Deficit Reduction Act Note continued: Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Affordable Care Act) --
Evolving Therapies --
Roles and Opportunities for Social Workers --
Historical Background --
Career Opportunities in Mental Health, Substance Abuse, and Disability Services --
Summary --
Competency Notes --
Key Terms --
Discussion Questions --
On the Internet --
References --
Suggested Readings --
ch. 9 Health Care --
The State of Health in the United States --
Moral and Ethical Issues --
An Ecological/Systems Approach to Health Care --
Factors Affecting Health --
Applying an Ecological/Systems Perspective --
The Evolution of Health Care in America --
Critical Issues in Current Health Care Delivery --
Funding and Costs of Health Care --
Health Insurance Plans and Managed Care --
Comparing Health Care Costs to Outcomes --
Reasons for Rising Health Care Costs --
Current Major Health Problems --
HIV and AIDS --
Other Illnesses and Health Problems Note continued: Box 9-1 Humane Treatment for Persons with AIDS: National Association of Social Workers Policy Statement on AIDS --
Catastrophic Illness --
Teen Pregnancy --
Environmental Factors --
Prevention and Wellness Programs --
Ethical Issues --
Baby Doe Cases --
Right-to-Die Cases --
Bioethics --
Alternative Medicine --
Health Planning --
Hill-Burton Act --
Medicare and Medicaid --
Maternal and Child Health Act --
Healthy Steps for Young Children Program --
Other Child Health Provisions under the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 --
Comprehensive Health Planning Act --
Health Maintenance Organization Legislation --
CARE Act --
Health Care Reform --
Social Work Roles in the Delivery of Health Services --
Historical Background --
Contemporary Roles in Health Care Settings --
Hospital Settings --
Long-Term Care Facilities and Nursing Homes --
Community-Based Health Care Programs --
Home Health Care --
State Department of Health and Health-Planning Agencies Note continued: Other Health Care Settings --
Summary --
Competency Notes --
Key Terms --
Discussion Questions --
On the Internet --
References --
Suggested Readings --
ch. 10 The Needs of Children, Youth, and Families --
What Is a Family? --
How Are Families of Today Viewed? --
What Is a Healthy Family? --
How Are Family Problems Defined? --
What Causes Families to Have Problems? --
How Do Cultural and Gender Differences Affect Family Problems? --
Box 10-1 How American Children Are Doing --
Changing Family Situations --
Divorce and Separation --
Single Parenting --
Gay and Lesbian Parenting --
Stepparenting and Blended Families --
Family Problems Affecting Children --
Substance Abuse --
Spouse Abuse --
Child Maltreatment --
Box 10-2 Factors That Contribute to Child Abuse and Neglect --
Problems Associated with Adolescents --
Summary --
Competency Notes --
Key Terms --
Discussion Questions --
On the Internet --
References --
Suggested Readings Note continued: ch. 11 Services to Children, Youth, and Families --
Current Philosophical Issues --
The Right to a Permanent, Nurturing Family --
Best Interests of the Child --
Considerations before State Intervention --
Preventing Family Disruption and Dysfunction --
Box 11-1 Tasha and Family Deserve a Good Chance --
How Accountable Are Parents? --
Defining Services to Children, Youth, and Families --
The History of Services to Children, Youth, and Families --
Colonial Times --
The 19th Century --
The Early 20th Century --
The 1960s and 1970s --
The Mid-1980s and the 1990s --
Moving into the 21st Century --
2000 --
2010 --
Preventive Services for Children --
Natural Support Systems --
Home-Based Services --
Parent Education --
Child Development and Child Care Programs --
Recreational, Religious, and Social Programs --
Health and Family-Planning Programs --
Educational Opportunities --
Services to Children and Families at Risk --
Health and Hospital Outreach Programs Note continued: Box 11-2 Support Service Options for Families at Risk --
Child Care --
Homemaker Services --
Crisis Intervention Programs --
Counseling --
Box 11-3 Impact of Social Work Intervention --
Support and Self-Help Groups --
Volunteer and Outreach Programs --
School Social Work --
Box 11-4 A Day in the Life of a School Social Worker --
Child Protective Services --
Investigations of Child Maltreatment --
Determination of Intervention --
Typical Services Provided --
Family Preservation Services --
Substitute Care --
Foster Care --
Residential Treatment --
Adoption --
Adoption Issues --
Adoption of Children with Special Needs --
Child Welfare and Cultural Diversity --
Child Welfare and the Future --
The Role of Social Workers in Providing Services to Children, Youth, and Families --
Box 11-5 Do You Have the Characteristics to Be a Competent Social Worker? --
Summary --
Competency Notes --
Key Terms --
Discussion Questions --
On the Internet --
References Note continued: Suggested Readings --
ch. 12 Older Adults: Needs and Services --
Physiological Aging --
Behavior and Adaptation to Old Age --
Theories of Aging --
Continuity Theory --
Activity Theory --
Developmental Theory --
Social Emotional Selectivity Theory --
Exchange Theory --
Attitudes toward Growing Old --
Retirement --
The Families of Older Adults --
Dying and Death --
Aging and Mental Health --
Income Security --
Health and Health Care Services --
Abuse and Neglect --
Long-Term Care --
Housing --
Transportation --
Older People of Color --
Services for Older Adults --
Social Work with Older Adults --
Summary --
Competency Notes --
Key Terms --
Discussion Questions --
On the Internet --
References --
Suggested Readings --
ch. 13 Criminal Justice --
The Criminal Justice System --
Legislative Component --
Law Enforcement Component --
Judicial Component --
Corrections Component --
The Juvenile Justice System --
The Gault Decision --
Juvenile Justice Agencies Note continued: Juvenile Courts --
Juvenile Corrections --
Dual System of Justice --
Differential Treatment of Minority Youth in the Justice System --
Box 13-1 National Resolution Regarding Trying and Sentencing Youth Dffenders in Adult Criminal Court --
Alternatives to Get-Tough Policies --
Rehabilitation --
Issues in Rehabilitation --
Crime Prevention --
Views of Criminal Behavior --
Psychological Views of the Criminal Personality --
Social Views of Criminal Behavior --
Economic Rationale of Crime --
Program Alternatives --
The Role of Social Work in the Criminal Justice System --
Summary --
Competency Notes --
Key Terms --
Discussion Questions --
On the Internet --
References --
Suggested Readings --
ch. 14 Social Work in Rural Settings --
Operational Definitions --
Limitations of Rural and Urban Classification Systems --
Defining What Is Rural --
Characteristics of Rural Populations --
Social Organization of Rural Communities Note continued: Support Services in Rural Communities --
Box 14-1 U.S. Department of Agriculture Rural Development Program: A Success Story --
Social Problems and Needs in Rural Areas --
Mental Health --
Health Care --
Poverty --
Older Adults --
Ethnic Composition --
The Rural Family --
The Crisis of the Small Farmer --
Social Welfare in Rural Communities --
Social Work in Rural Settings --
Rural Social Work as Generalist Practice --
Box 14-2 NASW Professional Policy Statement in Rural Social Work --
The Baccalaureate Social Worker and Rural Social Work Practice --
Box 14-3 Some Characteristics of Effective Rural Social Workers --
Summary --
Competency Notes --
Key Terms --
Discussion Questions --
On the Internet --
References --
Suggested Readings --
ch. 15 Social Work in the Workplace --
A Historical Perspective on Work and Family Relationships --
The Current Workforce --
More Women in the Workforce --
An Older Workforce Note continued: Greater Ethnic Diversity within the Workforce --
Types of Jobs Available --
The Changing Nature of Work and the Workplace --
Unemployment and Underemployment --
Changing Attitudes and Values toward Work --
Box 15-1 The Changing Work Paradigm --
The Impact of Changes on Employees and Their Families --
Balancing Work and Family Life --
Increased Stress --
Relocation --
Financial Problems --
Family and Medical Leave Act --
Accidents and Other Occupational Hazards --
Violence in the Workplace --
Sexual Harassment --
Child Care for Working Parents --
Family Caregiving --
Changing Expectations about Work and Family Life --
Implications for the Mental Health of Employees and Their Families --
Implications for the Workplace --
Increased Demands on Employers --
Affiliation Needs --
Addressing Work and Family Problems: Whose Responsibility? --
Employee Assistance Programs --
Dependent-Care Programs --
Social Work in the Workplace --
Industrial Social Work Note continued: Occupational Social Work --
Box 15-2 The Occupational Social Worker --
Social Work in the Changing Workplace --
Applying an Ecological/Systems Perspective --
Box 15-3 Client Assessment Incorporating Work and Family Domains --
Service Models --
Summary --
Competency Notes --
Key Terms --
Discussion Questions --
On the Internet --
References --
Suggested Readings --
ch. 16 The Globalization of Social Work --
A Changed World --
International Social Welfare and Globalization --
Box 16-1 Universal Declaration of Human Rights --
Responding to the Challenge of Globalization --
Children and Human Rights --
Poverty --
Armed Conflict --
HIV/AIDS --
Other Risks Faced by Children --
International Efforts to Alleviate the Plight of Children --
Box 16-2 Values and Principles of the United Nations Millennium Declaration --
The Plight of World Refugees --
Immigration in the United States --
Lawful Entry --
Unlawful Entry Note continued: A Brief History of U.S. Immigration Policy and Legislation --
The International Federation of Social Workers --
International Social Work Organizations and Agencies --
A Look to the Future --
The Past as Prologue --
The Challenges of Today --
Trends in Social Work Careers --
Summary --
Competency Notes --
Key Terms --
Discussion Questions --
On the Internet --
References --
Suggested Readings.
Series Title: Brooks/Cole empowerment series
Responsibility: Rosalie Ambrosino [and others].
Local System Bib Number:
(Sirsi) i9781111304768
(Sirsi) 1193547
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